In a move that has angered AIDS researchers worldwide, the US government has slashed its contribution to the 15th International AIDS Conference, to be held in July in Bangkok.
The US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has limited the number of its employees at the conference to 50, down from 236 at the last meeting in Barcelona in 2002. The measure primarily affects researchers at the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, many of whom had already had abstracts peer reviewed and accepted. Attendees from other agencies and universities and HHS employees in Asia are not affected.
As of early June, more than 50 presentations from US government researchers have been canceled. Direct financial support from the US, previously the meetings biggest contributor, has been cut to $250,000 from $1.1 million in 2002. The European Union, Canada, Sweden and Thailand all contributed more than that amount, says conference director Mats Ahnlund.
The Bangkok conference is not the only one to have lost US government support. At the Global Health Council meeting in June, the organizations president Nils Daulaire blasted the HHS and other US agencies for cutting funds after a small clique of right-wing extremists objected to participants who dont oppose abortion.
HHS spokesman Bill Pierce says the travel restrictions stem from a new policy, decided last year. In order to spend tax dollars in a more responsible way, the HHS now limits to 40 the number of employees who can travel to any conference abroad, he says, but the Bangkok contingent was extended to 50 because of the meetings exceptional scale.
The decision to cut attendees was first relayed to NIH personnel in an e-mail dated 9 February, which made no mention of other international AIDS conferences, including an April meeting in Whistler, Canada. That meetings list of attendees includes the names of 107 HHS employees.
But many AIDS researchers, including conference co-chair Joep Lange, say they doubt the cuts are driven by budget considerations. Instead, says Lange, president of the International AIDS Society, religious fanatics within the US administration are to blame.
Lange says it is inconceivable that a country spending $15 billion on fighting AIDS would limit travel because of financial constraints. He adds that he has received no reply to a 3 May letter to HHS secretary Tommy Thompson, in which the society and the Thai government offered financial assistance to HHS researchers.
The administration may have been irked when they failed to land prominent spots for faith-based approaches in the meeting program, Lange suggests. For instance, he says, officials had suggested that the organizers invite Franklin Graham, son and successor of evangelist Billy Graham, as a keynote speaker–an idea Lange says he respectfully declined. I did not think this speaker would have been representative for religions worldwide, he says.
Some in the administration are still upset over activists heckling of Thompson in 2002. In an open letter to Lange in May, five Republican members of the House of Representatives complained about Thompsons rude reception in Barcelona and about a seeming bias against the scientifically proven success of programs that promote [sexual abstinence and faithfulness.
Pierce says suspicions that the administrations motives were political are off the mark. It is perfectly normal for the US government, as a principal conference sponsor, to suggest speakers, he adds. Ultimately its up to the organizers whom to invite, he says. There is no policy of consequence.
Whatever the real reasons, the commotion over US attendance has tainted the conferences overall message of cooperation and solidarity, says Mario Stevenson, a molecular biologist at the University of Massachusetts. HHS may indeed be shifting money from travel to researchin principle, Im all for that, he says. I just hope that was their motive.